The most famous festivals in China are Spring Festival (New Year), Lantern Festival, Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping Day), Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and Double Nine Festival.
Most of these celebrated events have a very long history in Chinese culture. Historians have records of thousand-year-old celebrations taking place.
Spring Festival: Chinese New Year in Ancient China
While we do not know exactly when the Spring Festival began, some believe that it was as early as 2300 BC. Most historians agree that it began as Chinese New Year during the Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 BC).
It was only during the Han Dynasty (206-220 BC) that the Chinese Calendar (as it is today) began. Therefore, Chinese New Year as the first day of that calendar properly began during this time.
During the Wei Dynasty (386-534 AD) and the Jun Dynasty (265-420 AD), fireworks began to be used. By the time the Song Dynasty came around (960-1279 AD), gun powder had been invented, which was used in fireworks for Chinese New Year.
The Lantern Festival
The Lantern Festival is closely related to Chinese New Year and it marks the end of the celebration. The lanterns released into the sky has always been a very beautiful sight to behold.
This festival has been celebrated for a long time in China, since the Western Han Dynasty (2016 C- 25 AD).
In Ancient China, only emperors had fancy, elaborately decorated, lanterns and everyone else had simple ones. Children go out at night and solve riddles that are on the lanterns.
Emperor Ming made this festival popular. It is believed that he copied the idea from Buddhists who would light lanterns.
During the Tang Dynasty (in the 7th century), the celebrations were very elaborate and there are many poems from this time that describe the happy celebrations. By this time, celebrations lasted around five days!
In Ancient China and even now a special food is eaten called tangyuan. It is a riceball filled with sweet red bean paste, sesame paste or peanut butter.
Tomb Sweeping Day
This festival is called Qingming in China. It is a festival linked to the Ancient Chinese belief in ghosts and that you should properly bury the dead and always respect them.
This festival has been celebrated for over 2500 years. In Ancient China, people believed that the dead would not rest properly if they were not buried with the right honours or not respected.
People in China would visit the graves of lost loved ones and pay their respects. They would make offerings.
Dragon Boat Festival
The Dragon Boat Festival is another ancient festival from China that is still celebrated to this day. People have been celebrating the Dragon Boat Festival for over 2000 years. It is called Duan Wu Jie in Chinese (pronounced Dwan wo zaay).
The legend goes that Qu Yuan, a poet who lived between 340 and 278 BC, died defending his country’s honour. The legend is that, when he died, people paddled their boats up and down the river to look for him and beat drums to scare away evil spirits. They threw rice into the river to feed the fish so that they would not eat Qu Yuan’s body.
People now row dragon boats up the river to celebrate this. Some of Qu Yuan’s poems are still very famous to this day.
- What is the Spring Festival also known as?
- What happens on Dragon Boat Festival?
- Who was allowed elaborately decorated lanterns during Lantern Festival?
- Who was Qu Yuan?
- What festival is celebrated in Qu Yuan’s honour?
- Chinese New Year
- People row dragon boats and play drums
- Only the emperor was allowed elaborately decorated lanterns
- Qu Yuan was a famous poet in China
- Dragon Boat Festival is celebrated in Qu Yuan’s honour